Maiolica (my-oh-likka) is an Italian word describing a ceramic technique with origins in the medieval era Mediterranean. Low fire clay, in this case terra cotta, is covered with a smooth white glaze that remains stable in the heat of the firing. Images are painted using ceramic pigments on the unfired surface.

When a piece emerges from the kiln, it is shiny and durable, with lustrous painted imagery on a shiny white glaze.